Photo: World youth alliance
New York, US – A new report by the UN on Wednesday said the number of international migrants has risen in recent times, with Asia seeing the largest increase over the past decade, and the US remaining the most popular destination.
The PANA Correspondent in New York, reported that the new figures from the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) showed that 232 million people, or 3.2 per cent of the world’s population, live abroad worldwide, compared with 175 million in 2000 and 154 million in 1990.
In addition, the figures also show a shift since 2000 with South-North and South-South migration at about 82 million international migrants.
Mr. John Wilmoth, Director of UN-DESA’s Population Division, who briefed UN reporters in New York, said: “Most international migrants originate in developing country but in recent years they have been settling in almost equal number in developed and developing regions”.
He noted that, “migration, when governed fairly, can make a very important contribution to social and economic development both in the countries of origin and in the countries of destination”.
Mr. Wilmoth said: “Migration broadens the opportunities available to individuals and is a crucial means of broadening access to resources and reducing poverty”.
He disclosed that, according to the latest statistics, Europe and Asia host nearly two-thirds of all international migrants worldwide.
“Europe remains the most popular destination region with 72 million international migrants in 2013, compared to 71 million in Asia.
“Within Europe, Germany and France host the largest immigrant communities due to work migration and geographic routes with North Africa,” the UN official stated.
He also said that, “new sources and destinations of migrants are emerging, and in some cases, countries have become important points of origin, transit and destination simultaneously”.
He added that, compared to other regions of destination, Asia saw the largest increase of international migrants since 2000, adding some 20 million migrants in 13 years.
“This growth was mainly fuelled by the increasing demand for foreign labour in the oil-producing countries of Western Asia and in South-Eastern Asian countries with rapidly growing economies, such as Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand,” Mr. Wilmoth said.
According to the report, the world’s largest corridor of international migration, however, remains between the US and Mexico.
It said that the US gained the largest absolute number of international migrants between 1990 and 2013 – nearly 23 million, equal to one million additional migrants per year.
It also said the United Arab Emirates (UAE) recorded the second largest gain with seven million, followed by Spain with six million.
The report also show that 74 per cent of international migrants are of working age, between 20 and 64 years of age, and that are about evenly spread between genders, with women accounting for 48 per cent of all international migrants.
PANA reports that the document was released ahead of a high-level global summit on migration and development to be held by the UN General Assembly in New York on 3 and 4 October.
This second high-level dialogue will aim to identifying concrete measures to strengthen coherence and cooperation at all levels, with a view to enhancing the benefits of international migration for migrants and countries alike and its important link to development, while reducing its negative impacts.